The Master’s degree is awarded to individuals once thesis guidance and lessons in practical techniques with enhanced expertise have been conducted in accordance with the individual research plan, the first university Master’s recital (half-recital program), and the practical performance for degree review (about one hour) and the thesis review have been conducted, and the students have passed the review. Doctor: The doctoral degree is awarded to individuals once lessons in practical techniques to further enhance advanced professional expertise and guidance consultations for further research are conducted, the first university doctoral recital (full recital program) and the practical performance for degree review (full recital) and thesis review have been conducted, and the students have passed the review. In the graduate master’s degree and doctoral programs, each student pursues advanced performance and research as a pianist, working from his or her independently chosen study plan. An annual recital is a requirement for both master's and doctoral students. To obtain their degrees, students must perform a program of roughly one hour in length. Degree requirements also include a written thesis. Students are required to collect sufficient materials and develop the analytical abilities needed to write a publishable thesis.